Washington state Cannabis requirements
Here are the requirements for Washington state as listed in WAC314-55-083(3), sec. title: "What are the security requirements for a marijuana licensee?"
(3) Surveillance system. At a minimum, a complete video surveillance with minimum camera resolution of 640x470 pixel and must be internet protocol (IP) compatible and recording system for controlled areas within the licensed premises and entire perimeter fencing and gates enclosing an outdoor grow operation, to ensure control of the area. The requirements include image acquisition, video recording, management and monitoring hardware and support systems. All recorded images must clearly and accurately display the time and date. Time is to be measured in accordance with the U.S. National Institute Standards and Technology standards.
(a) All controlled access areas, security rooms/areas and all points of ingress/egress to limited access areas, all points of ingress/egress to the exterior of the licensed premises, and all point-of-sale (POS) areas must have fixed camera coverage capable of identifying activity occurring within a minimum of twenty feet of all entry and exit points.
(b) Camera placement shall allow for the clear and certain identification of any individual on the licensed premises.
(c) All entrances and exits to the facility shall be recorded from both indoor and outdoor vantage points, and capable of clearly identifying any activities occurring within the facility or within the grow rooms in low light conditions. The surveillance system storage device must be secured on-site in a lock box, cabinet, closet, or secured in another manner to protect from employee tampering or criminal theft.
(d) All perimeter fencing and gates enclosing an outdoor grow operation must have full video surveillance capable of clearly identifying any activities occurring within twenty feet of the exterior of the perimeter. Any gate or other entry point that is part of the enclosure for an outdoor growing operation must have fixed camera coverage capable of identifying activity occurring within a minimum of twenty feet of the exterior, twenty-four hours a day. A motion detection lighting system may be employed to illuminate the gate area in low light conditions.
(e) Areas where marijuana is grown, cured or manufactured including destroying waste, shall have a camera placement in the room facing the primary entry door, and in adequate fixed positions, at a height which will provide a clear, unobstructed view of the regular activity without a sight blockage from lighting hoods, fixtures, or other equipment, allowing for the clear and certain identification of persons and activities always.
(f) All marijuana or marijuana-infused products that are intended to be removed or transported from marijuana producer to marijuana processor and/or marijuana processor to marijuana retailer shall be staged in an area known as the "quarantine" location for a minimum of twenty-four hours. Transport manifest with product information and weights must be affixed to the product. At no time during the quarantine period can the product be handled or moved under any circumstances and is subject to auditing by the liquor control board or designees.
(g) All camera recordings must be continuously recorded twenty-four hours a day. All surveillance recordings must be kept for a minimum of forty-five days on the licensee's recording device. All videos are subject to inspection by any liquor control board employee or law enforcement officer, and must be copied and provided to the board or law enforcement officer upon request.
How to Comply with Washington's Recording Regulations:
Number one, the regulations are confusingly written and in some cases, don't make much sense. This makes complying with them kind of a judgement call. Here's the issues:
Issue Number 1: 640x470 is not a known recording resolution in surveillance.
D1 DVRs shoot in 720 x 480. (345,600 total pixels)
With someone 20 feet away, with D1 resolution, your footage would look like this:
Issue Number 2: "The Cameras must be IP compatible," but IP cameras shoot in HD - either at 720P or 1080P.
720p is 1280 x 720. (921,600 total pixels)
1080p is 1920x1080. (2,073,600 total pixels)
With someone 20 feet away, with 1080P resolution, your footage would look like this:
Issue Number 3: At multiple points, the regulation says that you must be able to ID someone at 20 ft.
Now, you aren't going to be able to do that with the camera system that shoots in 640x470 (if that existed). You can only do that with HD.
Our analysis: choose a system that shoots in 1080P or above to make sure you comply with the regulation.
If you go with 720P, you will need a camera about every 30 feet if you want to ID people and the cameras will have 52-degree fields of view. If you go with 1080P, you will need camera every 50 feet and they will have a 75, 98, or 360-degree field of view (depending on the camera). Because the quality level is more than double for 1080P while the cost in only about 20% more, we believe that you will save money by installing fewer 1080P cameras and spacing them out more.
How to Comply with Washington's Storage Regulations:
The storage requirements are where this really gets nasty. You're required to store 45 days of footage. What does that mean for TBs required?
Well, that's really complicated. Video takes different amount of space when filming things that vary a lot. So, for example, a video of the sky (something that doesn't change much) won't take up as much space as a video of a busy intersection (something that changes a lot). This is because when a video does not change from frame a to frame b, it doesn't need to record as much information (it basically just needs to state, "same as the first frame." These are averages on what your hard drive space would need to be, however, if you get more traffic it can take more space and if you get less traffic it will take less space. The 45-day regulation places a burden on you (the amount of storage is absurd), and we suggest monitoring it when you install it to see if these assumptions are correct.
Number of Cameras
D1 Resolution (720 x 480)
720p Resolution (1280 x 720)
1080p Resolution (1920x1080)